Batik is a way to produce fabric by a handmade. Besides batik can refer to two things. The first is the technique of dyeing fabrics, and the "malam" is to prevent the coloration of the fabric. In the international literature, this technique is known as a wax resist dyeing. The second term is a fabric or clothing made with these techniques, including the use of certain grounds, its uniqueness. Batik in Indonesia, global engineering, technology and development in the context of models and culture, UNESCO has a cultural heritage for humanity and oral Nonbendawi ( Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity ) since October 2, 2009
One way or another, batik has popularity around the world. Now, not only as a material for clothing the human body used batik, for soft furnishings, heavy canvas curtains, tablecloths and home accessories. Batik techniques used by famous artists to
create batik paintings which grace many homes and offices.
Depending on the quality of the artwork, crafts and quality of the materials may batik have a price of several dollars (for the poor quality fake batik) to several thousand dollars (for the best batik Halus Tulis to do is probably several months) . Batik Tulis has adorned both sides of the canvas.
Indonesia Batik Culture
In Indonesia, traditional batik was used in 2.25 meter lengths for sarong kebaya dress or Kain Panjang for sale. It can be worn around the body by wrapping, or take a hat, known as blangkon. Infants in batik slings designed with symbols to get the chance to child decorated through out. certain batik designs are reserved for wives and husbands, and their families. the dead are wrapped in batik funeral. other embodiments are reserved for the sultan and his family and their servants. status of a person by the model of batik has been found, he or she was wearing. for special occasions, batik was formerly decorated with gold leaf or dust.this material is known as prada (a Javanese word for gold) fabric. gold is still decorated cloth, but the gold paint has replaced gold dust and leaves.
Batik play a central role in certain rituals, such as the ceremonial casting royal batik in a volcano. In the Javanese naloni mitoni "first pregnancy" ceremony, the mother-to-be is wrapped in seven layers of batik and wished him good things. Batik is also in the ceremony parasites tedak important when a child touches the ground first. Batik is also part of the ceremony Labuhan, if the people gather on the beach to lay their problems too far into the sea . the great diversity of styles reflects a variety of influences, from the local models, Arabic calligraphy, European bouquets and Phoenix Chinese and Japanese Cherry Blossom Peacock Indian or Persian. Contemporary batik shirt men in the typical style of solo ( name of town in indonesia ), color and pattern Lereng Sogan. Contemporary batik, while the guilt of the past, differs markedly from that of more traditional and formal style. For example, the artist can use to resist etching, discharge dyeing, stencils, different tools for waxing and dyeing, wax recipes with different values or. You can use silk, cotton, wool work, wood and leather, paper, or even ceramic.
In Indonesia, its popularity took a message Batik. Historically, it was for ceremonial costumes and it was through a kebaya dress that was worn universally worn every day. According to Professor Michael Hitchcock, University of Chichester (UK), batik has "a strong political dimension. Batik shirt was invented as a formal non-western shirts for men in Indonesia in the 1960s, shortly after the birth of the country. here has disappeared in the 1960s, that people increasingly selected as Western fashions, the decimation of the batik industry.
However, tie-dyed clothes a bit in the turn of the 21st Century, through the efforts of Indonesian batik fashion designer to be revived by the installation of new colors, fabrics, designs and innovative. Batik is a fashion item for many young people in Indonesia, like a shirt, dress, scarf, or for casual wear. Kebaya is considered a formal dress for women. It is also acceptable for men to wear batik in the office or as a substitute for jacket and tie at some receptions. According to UNESCO recognition of Indonesian batik as world intangible cultural heritage, 2 October 2009, Indonesia requested the administration Indonesians to wear batik to Friday, and wear batik every Friday is encouraged in all agencies and private companies since then. batik had helped the local economy, small businesses, sales had reached batik in Indonesia Rp 3.9 trillion (U.S. $ 436.8 million) in 2010, an increase of Rp 2.5 trillion 2006th The value of exports increased in the batik from 14.3 million in 2006 to $ 22.3 million in 2010. Garuda Indonesia flight attendant kebaya and batik parang gondosuli uniformed pattern.
The existence and use of batik was already in the 12th Century Textiles and has since recorded a strong source of identity for the Indonesians, and to a lesser extent Malaysia and Singapore. Appear in national uniform batik airlines, flight attendants of Singapore, Malaysian Airlines and Garuda Indonesia national batik prints bear in his uniform. Although uniforms are not really real batik, because production does not use the traditional method, but with the techniques of mass production. The uniform of female officers Garuda Indonesia flight is an authentic modern interpretations of Kartini style kebaya and batik parang motif incorporating gondosuli Garuda-wing pattern and small dots represent Jasmin. The pattern symbolizes batik Ray "Fragrant life" and gives the user gracefully
How To Make Batik?
the technique to make batik is Melted wax to the fabric before dipped into dye is applied. It is common for people to use a mixture of beeswax and paraffin. Beeswax is to keep the fabric and wax paraffin allow cracking, which is a feature of batik. Wherever the wax has penetrated through the tissue, the dye can not penetrate. Sometimes several colors are used, with a series of dyeing, drying and waxing steps.
Thin line with Tjanting candles, it a wooden tool makes dealing with a small metal cup with a small beak, wax seeps. After the final dyeing, the fabric is dried. Then immersed in a solvent to dissolve the wax, or ironed between paper towels or newspapers to absorb the wax and reveal, deep rich colors and fine lines that give batik its undulating character. The traditional method is called Batik Tulis.
Prada for batik is the gold leaf used in Surakarta, Yogyakarta area. Central Javanese used gold dust to decorate their Prada cloth. Has been applied to the fabric is made with the help of adhesive by hand with egg white or linseed oil and yellow earth. Gold will remain on the screen, even after washing. Gold could follow Web design, or can take your own design. Long Batik could be a new look by adding a gold given to it.